Samudra Manthan

Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparva gets its name from the 'Pot of everlasting status' or 'Amrit Kund' as it is known in the VED. Amrit Kund is said in sacred texts like Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana. It is trusted that amid 'Samundra Manthan', a pot of nectar was found.
Legend has it that beating of sea by Devas (Gods) and Danavas (Demons) yielded a jug (Kumbh) brimming with Amrit (nectar). Divine beings did not wish to impart it to devils. At the occasion of Lord Indra, the King of Gods, his child Jayanta attempted to flee with the container yet he was trailed by a portion of the evil presences.
Amid the battle for its ownership, a couple of drops of the nectar dropped at four spots comparing with Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain and Nasik on the earth. The drops of nectar were generally welcomed by the heavenly streams at these spots. Kumbh is held at each of the three places in particular Haridwar, Allahabad, Nasik and Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv is held at Ujjain once at regular intervals. A huge number of fans come to clean up in the sacred Rivers to wash off their transgressions . The enthusiasts trust this to be a chance to get 'moksha' (salvation) and put a conclusion to the ceaseless cycle of birth-passing resurrection.

Ratnas
A wide range of herbs were thrown into the sea and fourteen Ratnas (pearls or fortunes) were delivered from the sea and were partitioned amongst asuras and divine beings. In spite of the fact that typically the Ratnas are identified as 14, the rundown in the sacred texts ranges from 9 to 14 Ratnas. Most records include: According to the nature of the fortunes delivered, they were acknowledged by Vishnu, the devas, and the asuras.

There were three classifications of Goddesses, rose up out of the sea.

  • Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune and Wealth – who accepted Vishnu as Her eternal consort.
  • Apsaras, various divine nymphs like Rambha, Menaka, Punjisthala etc. – chose the demigods as their companions
  • Varuni or Sura, goddess and creator of alcohol – taken – somewhat reluctantly (she appeared dishevelled and argumentative) – accepted the demons.

Likewise, three types of supernatural animals appeared.

  • Kamadhenu or Surabhi(Sanskrit:kāmadhuk), the wish-granting divine cow – taken by Vishnu, and given to sages so ghee from her milk could be used in sacrifices.
  • Airavata, and several other elephants, taken by Indra, leader of the devas.
  • Uchhaishravas, the divine 7-headed horse – given to the demons.

There were three valuables.

  • Kaustubha, the most valuable jewel in the world, worn by lord Vishnu.
  • Parijat, the divine flowering tree with blossoms that never fade or wilt – taken to Indraloka by the devas.
  • Sharanga, A powerful bow – symbolic of the demon's belligerence.

Additionally produced were.

  • Chandra, the moon which adorned Shiva's head
  • Dhanvantari, the doctor of the gods with Amrita, the nectar of immortality. (At times, considered as two different Ratnas)
  • Halahala, the poison swallowed by Lord Shiva

This list varies from Purana to Purana and is also slightly different in the epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharata.The list of ratnas includes.

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